Kitchen Scientists - A Guide To Home Science Experiments
Home science experiments are a fun way to foster creativity and work with new ideas. For anyone with an interest in science or figuring out how things work, there are many experiments that can be performed at home. Some projects are very basic and require few materials; others involve more in-depth instructions, a background in some form of scientific process, and possibly protective garments. The results of home experiments are to design or create something new in an interesting and fun way while learning how science works. Below you'll find an extensive list of fun and interesting at home science experiments. Before trying any of these make sure to take any necessary safety precautions.
Gases and Liquids
Using liquids and gases for experiments at home will work with the change in the composition of substances. Particles come together to form solids, liquids, or gases in arrangement. Experimenting with products usually involves changing these forms into other compositions, for instance, changing a liquid into a gas. Other methods use these compositions of particles to change the way a substance acts or sounds. Some examples of these home science experiments are making and using bubbles, the Cartesian diver experiment, or making items move and dance on their own.
Force, Motion, Balance, and Gravity
Experiments involving force, motion, balance, and gravity are those that create movement. They involve moving products or maintaining them in a certain position. Experimenting with gravitational forces can show how items work seemingly against the natural order of gravity. Many of these experiments can be very simple but will produce skilled results. Some types of these experiments include building items such as a small roller coaster, constructing items that draw or balance, or making objects move or change position without outside force.
Locomotion and Flight
Locomotion is movement of an object from one place to another, and the act of flight is moving something through the air or through space. Experiments involving locomotion or flight involve building objects to move and work, and those that will move from one point to another. These types of experiments may involve the use of electricity or wiring, and the need for space.
The results of temperature stability have profound effects on peoples’ daily lives and their entire existence. Modifying temperature in smaller methods can produce interesting results. Experimenting at home with temperature mechanisms can create alternate circumstances affected by heat or cold. Some examples of home science experiments involving temperature control are homemade ovens and crushing aluminum cans by atmospheric force.
Sound and Light
Sound produces audible noise and vibrations that can be picked up by the human ear. Experimenting with sound produces items that make sounds and noise or those that can alter the force of sound. Using experiments with light can alter the quality or brightness of light or can be used as a force to change objects or situations. Examples of science experiments involving light and sound are homemade microscopes and cameras, telescopes, and musical instruments.
The use of electricity has evolved and changed science around the world. Electricity can create objects for use and power and can change or simplify situations. Home science experiments involving electricity use its power to create or alter objects to make them work better, or create homemade versions of electrically powered projects. Home electricity projects usually require a general knowledge of wiring, batteries, or use of electrical currents.
Experiments involving chemistry change the chemical composition of products, producing various results. Some chemical experiments are very safe and easy to perform. Others require knowledge of chemical substances and possibly protective gear when performing to maintain a safe environment. Some types of chemical experiments are making homemade products such as slime, play dough or blood, small scale volcanoes, and using a litmus test to determine chemical composition of products.
Some experiments involve nature and the outdoors. Some tests involve tracking animals or studying plants and nature. Home science experiments teach people how the environment can change and the working conditions of life. Examples of these types of experiments include tracking animals, measuring trees, and growing plants.
Earth, Weather, and Astronomy
Weather affects the structures and functions of objects of the earth as well as the lives of people. Home science experiments study inclement weather and dangerous weather phenomenon. Astronomy is the study of space and objects such as solar systems, stars, and planets, among others. Experiments involving the earth, weather and astronomy include such projects as formation of clouds, seismographs for measuring earthquake activity, and studying snow.
Communication and Arts
The use of art and communication provides beauty and improves the lives of people. Communication involves the use of technology to coordinate between people. Science experiments using communication and arts include projects that allow people to exchange information, or transmit facts between each other. Art experiments produce projects that make life more interesting.
There are some home science experiments that do not fall under a specific category, but they are still worth attempting for an interesting outcome. Some projects involve multiple categories of methods and require more scientific knowledge or materials than an average project from the kitchen. Others are very basic and simple to produce results. There are many home science experiments available for practice and fun at home. These projects produce items or create situations that allow people to learn about science and the world around us.